Do for general activity
When we talk about a general activity but do not say what it is, we can use do:
- I want to do something.
- What are you doing this evening?
- What can we do?
- Do it now!
Do for work
We usually use do to talk about work:
- What do you do? (= What is your job?)
- Who does your shopping?
- I don't want to do any work today.
- I hate doing the washing up.
- Have you done your homework?
Note that we sometimes use do to replace another more exact verb (but only when the meaning is clear from the situation). This is very informal.
- do the lawn (cut/mow? sow? the lawn)
- do my room (tidy? paint? my room)
- do the car (wash? paint? repair? the car)
Make for construction
Make often expresses the idea of construction or creation:
- I'll make a cake for Anthony's birthday.
- This car was made in France.
- Did you make this table yourself?
- Do the shopping. (We don't really create anything. We just "do" an activity.)
- Make a cake. (We really create something.)
In the next example, notice how we use make for creation (the cake) and then use do (for the general activity) even though we're really talking about the same thing:
- I must make Anthony's cake. I'll do it now.
Here are some expressions that you should learn. Notice that as main verbs we use make more often than do:
| || |
|1||What do you for a living?|
|2||Have you your homework already?|
|3||My husband the grocery shopping.|
|4||Amber badly on her geography exam.|
|5||The children a mess in the kitchen.|
|6||We are having guests tonight, so please your bed.|
|7||I only one mistake in my English test.|
|8||I have to ask you to me a favour.|
|9||Have you and your friend a decision yet?|
|10||Please excuse me while I a phonecall.|