Monday, 8 July 2013

AAE Q160: Negative prefixes

Hello,

My question was that,why people use untouchable not intouchable, why non-terminating not interminating?

Supriya


Hi Supriya,

The reason that these prefixes are different is because of the influence of other languages on the English Language. Take a look at the table and text below.

Thanks

 OriginMeaningProductivity
a- (an-)Greeknot, withoutmedium
anti-Greekagainsthigh
dis-Latinnot, opposite oflow
in- (il-im-ir-)Latinnot, opposite ofmedium
non-Latinnothigh
un-Germanicnot, opposite ofhigh

The prefixes a- and anti- are both of Greek origin. This explains why the very majority of the words that can use these prefixes also have their origin from Greek (e.g. chromatic, morphous, symmetric, typical, aerobic, hydrous, oxic).

The prefixes dis-, in-, and non- are Latinate in origin. Similarly, words that go along with dis- and in- are mostly from Latin/French. They include words like dishonest, discourteous, dissimiliar, inaccessible, inaccurate, insignificant, to name a few. On the other hand, while non- is also commonly associated with Latinate/French words such as non-negotiable, non-judgmental and non-specific, it has become more productive than the other Latinate prefixes. This prefix can form negative adjectives with many present participles and past participles regardless of the origin of the stem word, such as non-smoking, non-aligned, non-caffeinated, and even with participle phrases, such as non-profit making, non-man made. Another interesting fact about non- is that it can often form neagtive adjectives by joining verbs, to express the meaning that the thing described does not perform the action described by the verb. Examples include non-stop, non-shrink, non-slip

Un- is a prefix native to English. It is mostly attached to native words to form negative adjectives, such as unfriendly, unhappy, unfair, and so on. But it can also be attached to certain Latinate words, giving unable, unsympathetic, unconscious, unreasonable, etc. Like non-, it is a productive prefix and is ready to form adjectives with present and past participles, giving words like unfeeling, undecided, unjustified, etc.

http://www.linglish.net/2008/09/15/so-many-negative-prefixes/

5 comments:

Unknown said...

Superb kind of work by the team as on this particular topic people needs more precise information and special attention to it.Thanks a lot.
Idioms

Robert Peary said...

Can’t transfer Cash App Support money in my account? Get support.
Cash App Support that is received by you is stored in the e-wallet of the account. This money can be further used to either purchase items or you can transfer it to your bank account. But if you’re unable to do the latter, then you must get in touch with the bank customer service. If that doesn’t help, then contact us for unhindered assistance to help you get out of the issue.


johnsmith said...

Hello, I am John Smith. I am a customer service based content writer. I write specifically about the Yahoo mail problems. If you are facing any problems with Yahoo Mail, Connect with us
Reset or change your yahoo password

Chat room yahoo

johnsmith said...

I'm Nick. As a content writer, I specialize in topics related to customer service What I write about specifically is How do I order new NetSpend card lease read my blogs for more information

johnhardy said...

This information is new oxford English dictionary. I really love it. Keep it up. I will share with my friends. Now it's time to avail Locksmith Leeds for more information.